Apheresis means separating blood into components as it is being drawn from the patient/donor. It is the most efficient collection method for obtaining or removing a specific component - stem cells, platelets, white cells, leukemia cells, plasma or red cells.
In an apheresis procedure, a special machine called a cell separator is used during the blood collection. Blood is drawn and channeled through the machine, where it is separated into its different parts by centrifugation (spinning). Once separated, the desired component is collected and the remaining blood components are returned to the donor/patient.
You are a patient or donor having a blood stem cell collection. The HAU assesses patients and donors prior to blood stem cell collections – see below for details of the assessment.
You are diagnosed with graft-versus-host disease after a blood and marrow transplant that requires photopheresisor light therapy. Some patients with cGVHD (chronic graft-versus-host disease) may benefit from photopheresis treatment. In this procedure, the patient’s T-cells are collected using the apheresis machine. The T-cells are then treated with a photoactive chemical called methoxsalen, then exposed to ultraviolet light and then returned to the patient. The treated T-cells are believed to stimulate the host immune system and help the body control the cells that contribute to the GVHD.
You need intravenous chemotherapy administered
You need a blood transfusion
You have excess iron and require a phlebotomy (removal of blood)